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POLUGODIŠNJI PODATCI O KRIVOTVORENJU EURONOVČANICA

POLUGODIŠNJI PODATCI O KRIVOTVORENJU EURONOVČANICA

19. srpnja 2013. U prvoj polovini 2013. godine iz optjecaja je povučeno ukupno 317.000 novčanica eura. Tako je količina krivotvorina povučenih iz optjecaja od siječnja do lipnja 2013. za 26,3% veća od one povučene u istomu razdoblju 2012. te za 13,2% veća od količine zaplijenjene tijekom šest mjeseci koji su prethodili siječnju 2013.


Donja tablica prikazuje polugodišnje kretanje broja zaplijenjenih krivotvorina.
 

Razdoblje

2010./1.

2010./2.

2011./1.

2011./2.

2012./1.

2012./2.

2013./1.

Broj krivotvorina

387.000

364.000

296.000

310.000

251.000

280.000

317.000

 
U sljedećoj se tablici nalazi postotni prikaz udjela pojedinih apoena u ukupnomu broju krivotvorenih novčanica povučenih iz optjecaja u prvoj polovini 2013.

Apoen

5 €

10 €

20 €

50 €

100 €

200 €

500 €

Postotni udio:

0,3%

2,6%

38,0%

44,1%

12,4%

2,0%

0,6%

I dalje se najviše krivotvore novčanice od 20 € i 50 €. Tijekom proteklih šest mjeseci smanjio se udio krivotvorenih novčanica od 20 €, a udio krivotvorenih novčanica od 50 € blago se povećao. U prvoj polovini 2013. te su dvije novčanice zajedno činile 82,1% svih krivotvorina. Novčanica od 100 €, kao treća po učestalosti krivotvorenja, prilično je zaostajala s udjelom na razini 12,4% ukupnih krivotvorina. Udio ostalih apoena (5 €, 10 €, 200 € i 500 €) i dalje je vrlo nizak.

Većina (98,5%) krivotvorina povučenih u prvoj polovini 2013. pronađena je u zemljama europodručja, dok ih je u drugim državama članica EU-a izvan europodručja pronađeno tek oko 1,2%, a u drugdje u svijetu 0,3%.

Dok je u prvoj polovini 2013. došlo do povećanja otkrivenih krivotvorina, broj krivotvorenih novčanica zaplijenjenih 2012. godine bio je osobito nizak te je posljednji podatak usporediv s razinama iz prethodnih godina. U usporedbi s brojem originalnih novčanica eura u optjecaju (prosječno 15,1 milijarda u prvoj polovini 2013.) udio krivotvorina ostaje vrlo malen.

Rizik primitka krivotvorine vrlo je nizak, no šira bi javnost uvijek trebala biti na oprezu zbog mogućnosti prijevare, osobito u pogledu triju najčešće krivotvorenih novčanica, onih od 20 €, 50 € i 100 €. Stoga Eurosustav – tj. Europska središnja banka (ESB) i 17 nacionalnih središnjih banaka europodručja – neprestano savjetuju oprez prilikom primitka novčanica u gotovinskim transakcijama.

Nekrivotvorene novčanice mogu se lako raspoznati putem jednostavne provjere „OSJETI-POGLEDAJ-NAKREĆI“, opisane na mrežnim stranicama ESB-a o euru i mrežnim stranicama nacionalnih središnjih banaka Eurosustava. No, u slučaju dvojbe sumnjivu novčanicu treba izravno usporediti s nekom za koju se zna da je originalna. Svatko tko posumnja da je možda primio krivotvorinu treba stupiti u vezu s policijom ili – gdje to domaća praksa dopušta – s nacionalnom središnjom bankom. Na mrežnim stranicama ESB-a i nacionalnih središnjih banaka postoji mnoštvo informacija o zaštitnim obilježjima novčanica te o tome kako provjeriti njihovu autentičnost.

Eurosustav neprestano ulaže znatne napore kako bi osigurao da šira javnost bude dobro obaviještena o načinu prepoznavanja krivotvorenih novčanica, a osobama koje profesionalno rukuju gotovinom poručuje da uređaji za rukovanje i obradu novčanica mogu pouzdano prepoznati krivotvorine i ukloniti ih iz optjecaja.


Europska središnja banka
Glavna uprava za odnose s javnošću i jezične usluge
 Kaiserstrasse 29, D-60311 Frankfurt am Main
 Tel.: +49 69 1344 7455
Internet: http://www.ecb.europa.eu

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