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Euronovčanice i eurokovanice uvedene su 1. siječnja 2002. i postale su opipljiv simbol europske integracije. Upotrebljavaju se svakog dana u 19 država EU-a i olakšavaju trgovinu i putovanja. Sada 338 milijuna ljudi upotrebljava istu valutu za gotovinska plaćanja.

Razvoj naše valute

Ugovor iz Maastrichta iz 1992. doveo je do uspostavljanja Europske unije i njezine jedinstvene valute, eura. Nakon godina planiranja i priprema euronovčanice i eurokovanice uvedene su 1. siječnja 2002. u 12 država članica Europske unije. Do sada je 19 država EU-a uvelo euro.

S iznimkom Danske i Ujedinjene Kraljevine, koje imaju pravo odbiti uvođenje eura, od svih se država EU-a očekuje da će se pridružiti monetarnoj uniji i uvesti euro čim ispune konvergencijske kriterije.

Uvođenje euronovčanica iz serije Europa dio je stalnog postupka razvoja euronovčanica. U novčanice iz serije Europa ugrađena su napredna zaštitna obilježja kako bi euro i dalje bio pouzdano sredstvo plaćanja.



  • 1. siječnja 2002.: 12 država EU-a uvelo euronovčanice i eurokovanice: Austrija, Belgija, Finska, Francuska, Grčka, Irska, Italija, Luksemburg, Nizozemska, Njemačka, Portugal i Španjolska.
  • 1. siječnja 2007.: Slovenija uvela euro.
  • 1. siječnja 2008.: Cipar i Malta uveli euro.
  • 1. siječnja 2009.: Slovačka uvela euro.
  • 1. siječnja 2011.: Estonija uvela euro.
  • 8. studenoga 2012.: ESB najavio uvođenje druge serije euronovčanica pod nazivom „serija Europa", počinjući s novčanicom od 5 €, i predstavio slike tri nova zaštitna obilježja.
  • 10. siječnja 2013.: Predstavljena novčanica od 5 € iz serije Europa.
  • 2. svibnja 2013.: Uvedena nova novčanica od 5 €.
  • 1. siječnja 2014.: Latvija uvela euro.
  • 13. siječnja 2014.: Predstavljena novčanica od 10 € iz serije Europa.
  • 23. rujna 2014.: Nova novčanica od 10 € uvedena u europodručju.
  • 1. siječnja 2015.: Litva uvela euro.
  • 24. veljače 2015.: Predstavljena novčanica od 20 € iz serije Europa.
  • 25. studenoga 2015.: Nova novčanica od 20 € uvodi se u europodručju.
  • 5. srpnja 2016.: Predstavljena je novčanica od 50 € iz serije Europa.
  • 4. travnja 2017.: Nova novčanica od 50 € uvodi se u europodručju.

Uloga ESB-a

Europska središnja banka, u Frankfurtu na Majni, odgovorna je za provođenje monetarne politike u europodručju i ima isključivo pravo odobriti izdavanje novčanica u europodručju. Te zadaće izvršava zajedno s nacionalnim središnjim bankama država europodručja.

Više o ESB-u



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